Max WeberWeber's doctrine is a hierarchical-mechanical approach. It emphasizes the pyramid shape (Personal rationality and rationality of rules). Reality did not completely confirm Weber's idas that human actions follow formal rules and job instructions. The doctrine has partially lost its importance.
Henri FayolFayol's doctrine is a classic-administrative approach. It places less emphasis on hierarchy and more on unitary commandement as well as division of labour: la division des services et l'unité de commandment.
Fayol's compassion for a wounded horse, which could not be treated because the manager was not present, led to the idea that the person responsible must either always be present or represented. The doctrine is more characterized by task rationality (case and situation), as opposed to personal and rules rationality.
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